RETURN TO PUBLIC TRANSPORT. A MULTIPLAYER SUSTAINABLE PUBLIC TRANSPORT SYSTEM IN A METROPOLITAN AREA OF ITALY



RETURN TO PUBLIC TRANSPORT. A MULTIPLAYER SUSTAINABLE PUBLIC TRANSPORT SYSTEM IN A METROPOLITAN AREA OF ITALY

Authors

Francis Cirianni, Corrado Rindone, University of Reggio Calabria, Domenico Ianno, Atam Spa, Agata Quattrone, City Council of Reggio Calabria

Description

The evolution from traditional local public transport system, basically single mode, mainly bus transit, to a multilayer system, designed on inclusion and sustainability, can be a turning point for the growth of patronage of public transport.

Abstract

The evolution from traditional local public transport system, basically single mode, mainly bus transit, to a multilayer system, designed on inclusion and sustainability, can be a turning point for the growth of patronage of public transport.
With the exception of the larger metropolitan cities, where major traffic issues contribute to public transport being the last resort, medium size cities see their LPT systems as complementary to the private vehicle network.
A plan for the sustainable city became the perfect framework for the reformation of the public transport system in the City of Reggio Calabria.
Reggio Calabria one of the fourteen Italian Metropolitan Cities counts a population of approximately 550.000 inhabitants, 250.000 of which in the main urban area.
This configuration creates an internal mobility between selected areas and exchange with the rest of the Metropolitan City and Calabria and Sicily regions. The city, in its administrative boundaries, is interested by a daily mobility (internal and exchange) of about half a million movements. It is noted that only the north dell'A3 tract is affected by a bi-directional flow of about 25,000 vehicles / day. The demand for transport with origin / destination in attractors poles placed in the city center represents more than half of the systematic question that interests the city center.
The current demand is served primarily (over 90%) by private transport. The causes for this arrangement are manifold among which we highlight: the orographic configuration of the territory, especially in the central area; the lack of demand management policies to the benefit of the mode of transport cycle-pedestrian and collective; the lack of policies discouraging the use of cars (for parking policies); the lack of a modern mass transit system hierarchy appropriate to current and future mobility needs.

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Publisher

Association for European Transport