User Characteristics, Trip Patterns and Perception of E-Bicycle Use in the Netherlands
Lucas Harms, KiM Netherlands Institute for Transport Policy Analysis, Jaco Berveling, KiM Netherlands Institute for Transport Policy Analysis
In this paper we provide an overview of user characteristics, trip patterns and perception of electric bicycle use in the Netherlands, based on data from the Dutch National Travel Survey and the Netherlands Mobility Panel.
The sale of electric bicycles is growing rapidly across Europe and especially in the Netherlands. Out of a total stock of 22 million bicycles the Netherlands counts roughly 1 million e-bicycles. Whereas market data is available describing sales trends of e-bicycles, there is limited understanding of the user characteristics and trip patterns of e-bicycles.
In this paper we provide an overview of user characteristics and trip patterns of electric bicycle use in the Netherlands, based on data from the Dutch National Travel Survey and the Netherlands Mobility Panel. The Dutch NTS is the first survey of its kind to include the electric bicycle as a separate modality, including user chracteristics such as age and gender and trip charactestics such as distances covered and travel speeds. The results indicate that e-bicycles now accounts for around 10 per cent of total distance travelled by cycle in the Netherlands (equivalent to 1.5 billion kilometres per year). Average journey distance covered by e-bicycles is 5.5 kilometres, which is one-and-a-half times further than conventional cycling. E-bicycles are especially used by the older population: it accounts for one third of all cycling kilometres travelled by adults aged 65 and above. Older adults are using e-bicycles especially for leisure and shopping whilst younger adults are using it more often for commuting. In recent years the share of younger users amongst e-byclists is growing and an increase in the share of work-related and shop-related e-bicycling trips is visible.
The full paper will discuss user characteristics of electric bicycle use in the Netherlands, trip patterns and trip purposes as the latest trends, based on NTS data since 2013. In addition results on user perception will be presented, based on data derived from the Netherlands Mobility Panel.
Association for European Transport