Leading Innovation Timeline: Basis for a Strategy on Traffic Management in a Changing ITS World
Ronald Jorna, Mobycon, Louis Hendriks, Rijkswaterstaat, Robin Kleine, Mobycon
The Leading Innovation Timeline is based on literature research and discussions with expert in the field. It is intended to show the technological innovations, foreseen large-scale implementation and its impact on traffic management.
A changing world
Traffic management changes fast. The future is ‘connected systems’ and ‘connected people’: automated vehicles, vehicle sensors, big data, C-ITS. This is facilitated through an ever increasing cooperation between public and private actors. The glue between these systems is the sensor data coming from all vehicles (floating vehicle data) and the distribution of public and private data to the end-users. The result is one integrated transport system with smart infrastructure and smart vehicles. This change will not happen overnight. It is not clear what will change, when it will happen and how it will impact traffic management. Uncertainty about these changes makes it difficult for road operators to anticipate on these changes. Rijkswaterstaat, the road operator of the national road network in the Netherlands therefore has developed the so-called Leading Innovation Timeline (LIT).
Leading Innovation Timeline
The Leading Innovation Timeline is a tool to visualize future innovation, more in particular changes in ICT systems which are expected to have an impact on traffic management. On the basis of literature research and meetings with experts of Rijkswaterstaat and external experts technological innovations relevant for traffic management are mapped on a timeline until 2035. It not only shows the year when the innovation will become commercially available on the market, but also the year in which the first serious impact on traffic is expected. When all innovations are thus plot on the timeline, is serves as a very good input for discussion on the effects and timing of the technological innovations, the role of Rijkswaterstaat as a road operator and the tasks of its personnel with respect to traffic management.
From technology to service
The LIT 2016 distinguishes 10 different developments:
• Autonomous vehicle level
• Vehicle – Vehicle level (V2V)
• Infrastructure – Vehicle level (I2V)
• Infrastructure level
• Data transmission
• Data services
Apart from the developments mentioned above, the LIT 2016 also contains a number of services:
• C-ITS day 1.0 services
• C-ITS day 1.5 services
• SAE levels for automated driving.
Developments and services together with their expected impact are also described in the so-called Central Document: Leading Innovation Timeline For Traffic Management – version 2016’.
In general services are the result of a combination of technological innovations. One single innovation often has no impact on traffic or traffic management, but a combination of technological innovations (a service) does. The development of a service is dependent on the development of a number of technological innovations. By mapping these innovations, the innovations in services can be visualized as well as the impact it can have on traffic and traffic management.
Once these expected developments are known, Rijkswaterstaat can identify the urgency to take action. Innovations with a relatively high impact in the short term require instant action (research, pilot, new strategy), whereas innovations on the long term and/or with little impact does not (yet) require action. However, in all cases the innovations need to be monitored constantly.
A first Leading Innovation Timeline was made in 2015 and updated in 2016. For 2017 the LIT will be updated again. Where the LIT 2015 and LIT 2016 were mainly based on inputs from the Netherlands, the LIT 2017 will be based also on inputs from other EU countries. This can be done since the LIT is now also part of the European ITS Platform (EU EIP, https://www.its-platform.eu).
It is anticipated that an updated LIT 2017 will be ready before the ETC 2017 conference in Barcelona in October 2017, which will then be a perfect platform to present and discuss it there. Thus it will be possible to collect feedback from academics and practitioners from across Europe.
Association for European Transport