Passenger Coverage and Service Sustainability: a Time-cost Model for the Optimal Choice of Stops on a Regional Rail Service.
Francis M. M. CIRIANNI, Dept. of Infrastructures and Mobility, Regione Calabria, Giuseppe PAVONE, Dept. of Infrastrucutures and Mobility, Regione Calabria
The issue concerns the decision about whether to perform or not to stop the train in a station, in relation to the advantages and disadvantages arising from it.
This study deals with the rail traffic and transport demand. The issue concerns the decision about whether to stop or not a train in a station, in relation to the advantages and disadvantages arising from it.
On first glance, it would be said that the priority is usually focused on running trains, paying little attention to customer needs or changing schedules or services to better meet customer requirements
Passenger surveys, discussions with passenger representative organizations, and meetings with metropolitan authorities can reveal needs for different passenger service patterns, Customer requirements vary over time so commercial railways must constantly revise service designs—train schedules, service patterns and work performed—to meet evolving customer needs as revealed in customer surveys and interactions.
Among the advantages in whether to stop or not a train in a station, there is, in favor to stops, a greater user accessibility of the area surrounding the railway station, which results in a shorter time (and cost) of access / egress to the rail service. Among the disadvantages is the longer travel time for travelers on board, and the higher cost of the service, which mainly depends on the travel time, and on it is usually regulated in service contracts. In other words, it needs to identify the right balance between, on the one hand, the schedule speed and the cost of the service and, on the other, the accessibility of rail service.
Many factors must be taken into account, such as the presence of a local public road transport service, the presence of single or double track railway infrastructure, speed and acceleration / deceleration of the rail vehicle.
The presence of local public transport services by road, especially if there is temporal coordination with rail services, argues in favor of the choice to skip the stops less busy; also the presence of shared mobility systems produces the same effect. Passengers should be able to readily obtain the accessibility information for a particular station from the station operator’s phone line, on the internet and by request from any of the operator’s ticket offices or customer information points.
The presence of a single-track infrastructure needs coordination of schedules and stops to allow a regular rail traffic, and in many cases you may need to make a stop in a two-tracks railway station to allow the crossing of the trains; in general, in this case, the distance between two successive stops cannot be remarkable.
Poorly performing trains in the acceleration and deceleration make less attractive the choice of very frequent stops, as well as trains and railway lines which allow higher speeds.
Evaluations are strictly dependent on the value of time, and you want to make an analysis of the optimal choice according to this parameter, which may vary according to the commercial category of the train service.
Association for European Transport