Effects of Accessibility on Residential Land Patterns AMPT E, Steer Davies Gleave, UK
FLOREZ J, Universidad Polit6eniea de Catainfia, Spain
Even ttiough there is agreement that transportation investments affect the location of activities, it is difficult to predict the changes that could take place once new investments have been made. When focusing on residential land use it is necessary to u
Even ttiough there is agreement that transportation investments affect the location of activities, it is difficult to predict the changes that could take place once new investments have been made. When focusing on residential land use it is necessary to understand household location decisions in order to predict future changes in land patterns. Residential location choice is not only a function of accessibility, but also, of a set of other factors, such as neighbouthood and dwelling attributes, and includes its household characteristics. Household characteristics and restriction first define their location expectations, then neighbourhood and dwelling attributes are evaluated in order to decide on the location. Since cities of developing countries (focus of this study) have a different urban context compared with industrial ones, specific considerations must be made.
The object of this paper is to analyse the neighbourhood attributes in the case of Caracas in order to come to conclusions about priorities that different socio-economic groups make when deciding on residential location. These attributes have been classified as: accessibility, urban quality and social characteristics of the vicinity. The household characteristic that has been considered is income. This paper is based on a PhD research and only part of the results are presented.
This paper is structured in four issues. First, the residential location process in defined and how Latin American households value the attributes of the neighbourhood. Second, a description of Caracas is made and the expected value of the attributes for each socio-economic group are exposed. Third the attributes are measured in the case of Caracas and the residential pattern is studied in order to analyse the importance of the accessibility in the residential pattern as well as the other attributes. Finally, some conclusions are presented.
Association for European Transport