Regenerating Urban Centres Through Integrated Land Use and Transport Planning Policies - Lessons from the USA
DE CANI R, Ove Arup and Partners, UK
Recent debate in the UK has centred on the health of town centres, resulting mainly from a change in development patterns in the past 20 years which has caused traditional town centre land uses to develop in non-town centre locations. This has raised ques
Recent debate in the UK has centred on the health of town centres, resulting mainly from a change in development patterns in the past 20 years which has caused traditional town centre land uses to develop in non-town centre locations. This has raised questions as to how the vitality and viability of existing urban centres can be retained and enhanced. A parallel debate has taken place in relation to transport planning, in particular, the impact of new patterns of laud use created by out of town development on the demand for travel. Town centres have traditionally been the focus for both public and private transportation networks, enabling a large number of trips to be served by a relatively simple but dense transportation system. More dispersed land uses cannot be effectively served by mass public transport as travel demand is less concentrated. This has led to the formulation of 2 key pieces of national planning guidance, PPG 13 (Transport) and PPG 6 (Retail Development & Town Centres), which have the following objectives:
* To reduce the length and volume of vehicle traffic and promote the use of less polluting modes.
PPG6 (Town Centres & Retail Development)
* To promote the vitality and viability of existing urban centres through the retention and promotion of new development and by restricting retail and leisure development to take place in out of town locations if oppommities for development are available in existing town centres.
PPG13 and PPG6 are often viewed as working towards a similar objective of promoting major travel generating development in existing centres. For example, concentrating development in town centres is advocated as a key factor in satisfying the principles of PPG13. However, there is a much weaker link between policies that aim to promote viable town centres from a PPG13 based perspective. In other words, how can policies aimed at reducing the amount of car travel and encouraging greater use of punic transport, help enforce the vitality and viability of town centres ?
Association for European Transport