A Trio Management Package for Relieving Traffic Congestion in Cairo: Traffic, Travel Demand and Land-nse Management
ABBAS Inst. Egyptian National Institute of Transport, OKAH, O, Ain Shams University and MABROUK I, AI-Azhar University, Egypt
Transport mobility in urban areas is a necessity for promoting sustainable economic growth and development. Cairo, the capital of Egypt, is suffering from an acute traffic congestion problem causing delays, a reduction of safety records, substantial envir
Transport mobility in urban areas is a necessity for promoting sustainable economic growth and development. Cairo, the capital of Egypt, is suffering from an acute traffic congestion problem causing delays, a reduction of safety records, substantial environmental losses in terms of pollution and energy consumption, see Khisty, 1993 for a general review of urban transport problems in developing countries and see Mitrie, 1994 for a detailed review of urban transport problems in Cairo.
The traditional strategy for tackling the traffic congestion problem has been, for years, to add more capacity to the transport supply system through expansion of road network infiastmeture by widening existing roads and constructing new ones, thus allowing for better traffic conditions. However, this approach has its limitations, in terms of absorbing an enormous amount of scarce financial and land resources, causing environmental intrusion, and generally increasing the environmental and safety hazards. Above all, this approach has frequently been reported to ultimately cause the generation of new and suppressed traffic. In many countries, where resources are becoming limited, the tendency has been to adopt policies and measures that enable the utilization of road space in the most efficient. manner. Such strategy is known as Traffic Management and Control (TM&C). Both strategies can be grouped under the heading supply-based strategies.
In recent years, a siffnificant change in thinking had emerged.. This advocates demand-based strategies whereby policies and measures that affect the pattern of the demand for people to travel are selceted and implemented. Sueh measures can be grouped under Travel (Tra~e) Demand Management (TDM) and Land Use Management (LUM) strategies. The overall aim of this rescareh is to provide a means of understanding TDM in a comprehensive manner and assist in decisions on whether to use and implement (i.e. assess potentiality of) TDM in relieving traffic congestion in Cairo.
Association for European Transport