The Progress of Implementing SUMP in Budapest: Project Selection, Monitoring & Evaluation and the Role of Macroscopic Transport Modelling
Mattias Juhasz, Tunde Voros, Szechenyi Istvan University, Tamas Matrai, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Tamas Halmos, Patrik Toth, BKK Centre for Budapest Transport
This paper presents the SUMP based strategic planning framework of Budapest. It describes the progress so far (creation of the transport strategy and the strategic transport model), the on-going and further steps of the process.
In 2014, the municipality of Budapest approved the Balázs Mór Plan (BMT), the first SUMP (in this context: Sustainable Urban Mobility Planning) based, complex development plan for the transport system of Budapest. It determines the strategic vision, objectives as well as intervention areas until 2030. The essence of BMT may be summarised in the following three terms: integration, efficiency and overall quality. Based on these principles, the plan intends to contribute to the sustainable and liveable future of Budapest. The two main advantages of the SUMP based development plan of Budapest, in contrast to its predecessors are: (1) shift from transport planning (with focus on traffic) to mobility planning approach (with focus on people); (2) that it is fully aligned with the urban development plan.
Before BMT, the first modern, complex transport development plan for Budapest was prepared in 2001.This plan was reviewed in 2009 in the interest of regional integration and supplemented with an action plan valid until 2020 which set progressive objectives. However, it mostly contained overly ambitious projects that were forced into by political pressure. Since 2010 (when BKK Centre for Budapest Transport was established), a new strategic approach and the institutional system have developed in parallel which resulted among others to the creation of BMT.
The strategic planning process did not come to an end with the completion of Phase I of BMT (setting the goals and vision for Budapest, determining intervention areas and measures), since SUMP is a process that also includes project preparation and implementation as well as evaluation of results which is taken into account during the selection of subsequent projects in a feedback loop. The next step in the process is the creation of Phase II which focuses on programing (project selection, prioritizing), monitoring and evaluation.
As a prerequisite to Phase II a project assessment framework needed. On the one hand an integrated strategic transport model was developed from 2013 to 2015, while on the other hand a strategic appraisal method was elaborated from 2015 to 2016. The strategic macroscopic transport model of Budapest and its agglomeration (EFM) has an important and unique role to play in the SUMP process. It is not only assisting project and policy appraisal, but also used in monitoring and evaluation.
EFM is an integrated multimodal transport model which provides a new baseline for modelling tasks in Budapest. It corresponds to the transport model of National Transportation Strategy, available for the public, and the use of the model is mandatory in order to ensure transparency and comparability in the region. BKK (as the owner of the model) conducts annual traffic surveys, regularly collects wide range of transport related and statistical data to maintain and keep the model up to date. EFM has been completed in November 2015, and it is now available for tasks such as appraisal of future projects. In addition, it implies a huge potential for further improvement. For instance as part of the FLOW R&D project the cyclist layer of the model is under development, while BKK is also about to implement a park and ride module. Therefore, apart from maintaining and updating, BKK is also continuously working on the improvement of the model.
The main objective of this paper is to introduce the SUMP based strategic planning framework of Budapest. It is intended to describe the progress so far, the on-going and further steps of the process. The following topics are covered: (1) the development and the content of the transport strategy (BMT), (2) the idea and the elaboration of the integrated strategic transport model (EFM), (3) the method of strategic project selection, plus (4) the development of the monitoring and evaluation methods. It is also intended to provide an overview on the structure of the whole strategic planning approach of BKK and to draft potential for further improvements.
Association for European Transport