Do Parking Policies Meet Their Objectives?



Do Parking Policies Meet Their Objectives?

Authors

KAMALI F and POTTER H, W S Atkins, UK

Description

WS Atkins, in association with Donaldsons and Urbed, was appointed by the Department of Transport in March 1995 to undertake a comprehensive research study into the effects of parking policies in England.

Abstract

WS Atkins, in association with Donaldsons and Urbed, was appointed by the Department of Transport in March 1995 to undertake a comprehensive research study into the effects of parking policies in England.

The main objective of the study was to review the parking policies that had been followed in town and city centres in England and to assess the impact they have had on traffic, the environment and the economic vitality of the centre. The study was carried out at two stages:-

* During Stage 1 of the project, 27 town and city centres in England were studied. These centres were chosen on the basis that they represented a broad range of urban conditions including different degrees of competition from adjoining centres. The specific requirement for the selection of the Stage 1 towns and cities was to encompass a wide variety of centre types and parking policy applications.

Stage 1 concentrated on the nature and details of the parking policies applied by the local authorities in the selected centres and their economic performance as assessed by the 'health check' comparative analyses. The results of this stage has been reported previously by the authors (Kamali et al, 1996).


* Stage 2 involved detailed work on just eight of the original 27 centres, with more in-depth investigation of existing information and the collection of original data relating to public attitudes and the environmental conditions of the car parks facilities. The eight case study towns and cities were selected again to encompass a variety of centres and also on the basis of local authority co-operation during Stage 1. This would then allow the more detailed investigation of certain policies, their application and their effects.

This paper reports primarily on the main findings of the Stage 2 of the research and gives emphasis on the way the selected local authorities have endeavoured to implement their policy.

Publisher

Association for European Transport