A Methodology for Minimum Services Definition in Local Public Transport: Governance in Italian Regional Legislation.
Francis M. M. CIRIANNI, Dept. Of Transport and Ifrastructures, Regione Calabria, Giuseppe PAVONE, Dept. Of Transport and Ifrastructures, Regione Calabria, Angelo S. LUONGO, Invitalia
A methodology for minimum services definition in Local Public Transport is proposed considering territorial cohesion. This paper, therefore, aims to propose a model to define the criteria to equalize the contribution in local public transport.
This paper presents a methodology for minimum services definition in Local Public Transport systems. Several methods concerning cost structures of public transit systems have been proposed in literature. Essentially those procedures are developed to analyze the production technology of public transit firms and a translog statistical function to approximate transit systems’ variable costs is generally adopted.
The purpose of the analysis conducted in this paper is different: the assessment of the geomorphological, social and economic variables, related to the size in population and extension of the different cities, recall the issue of territorial cohesion.
The issue of territorial cohesion has always had a prominent role in the structural policies defined and implemented by the European Union in the different contexts of the states of the Union. To Homogenize the opportunity of growth and access to services in different areas, with different physical, human, social and environmental impacts is a key objective in pursuit of which all the policies planned at the regional scale are combined for the various sectors, which, directly or indirectly, have a territorial impact.
The regions of Calabria and Basilicata reflect in general the settlement situation of Europe where there are about 5,000 small towns with a population between 5,000 and 50,000 inhabitants, and nearly 1,000 large cities with over 50,000 inhabitants, who have the role of center of economic, social and cultural activities of the local areas.
This paper, therefore, aims to propose a model that, on the basis of the mentioned considerations, applied in regions of southern Italy, which are classified within the European Community Objective 1 programme, identifies the parameters and weights related, with the aim to define the criteria to equalize the contribution in local public transport, and the definition of network services and the levels of minimum services, with particular reference to the centers with less than 5,000 inhabitants.
As a matter of fact cost functions in the present work are not introduced to find out a production level to compare firm performance but to perform a quantitative analysis that should allow to define the necessary resources to comply a set of services, once known the existing demand and the adopted fare structure and revenue. To obtain those targets, it is necessary to develop a methodology for the aggregated analysis of the performance of the public transport system starting from the quantitative analysis of the settlement imbalance and its trends, deduced from the data on the overall demographic trend in the study period and, more specifically, the individual municipalities of the region. An assessment of the effects of the fund appointment has been made and, therefore, of the structure of the analytical model proposed in the report, based on the current regional land use, and in respect to the objectives which underline the 2014/2020 programme in regards to competitiveness, territorial cohesion and geographical marginality.
In a new contest and in the view of the more rational use of resources, the analysis of the revenue of the transit system assumes a strategic importance, expressed by the difference between the costs and revenue of the service, which is a fundamental input for the definition of the levels of supply and for the definition of the amount of public funding necessary to produce the service. The Control Authorities should be able, knowing the economic result of the service, to programme the highest level of supply, given the finance coverage; on the other hand, the criteria of social inclusion and universal service, should determine the necessary funding to run the service, and determine in a business manner the convenience and the risks of the transport activities. This kind of analysis, indispensable in the design phase, assumes a relevant role during the control phase to evaluate the results, when it is necessary to verify if and in which measure the given goals of efficiency and economy have been gained.
Association for European Transport