How Safe is Bus Travel? Analysis of Assaults Against Bus Staff and Passengers
RICKARD J, BROWNFIELD J and RICItARDS J, Oscar Faber, UK
Nofifiable offences (that is indictable offences which are heard before the Crown Court) recorded by police forces in England, Scotland and Wales increased throughout the 1980s to the extent that the level recorded in 1990 was approximately 50% higher tha
Nofifiable offences (that is indictable offences which are heard before the Crown Court) recorded by police forces in England, Scotland and Wales increased throughout the 1980s to the extent that the level recorded in 1990 was approximately 50% higher than the level in 1980 according to Home Office and Scottish Office figures. The 1990s, however, have experienced much variation in crime levels with comparatively large year on year increases in reported crime from 1989 to 1990 (16%) and 1990 to 1991 (15%), a smaller increase from 1991 to 1992 (5%), and a decrease of 2% from 1992 to 1993 followed by a further 5% decrease in levels between 1993 and 1994. Violent crimes in 1996, however, showed a 6% increase on the previous year whilst constituting approximately 7% of all crimes.
Violent crimes, and indeed the fear of violent crime, on public transport has become a high profile issue in recent years, particularly in the light of safety campaigns such as those organised by the Suzy Lamplugh Trust. However, the actual levels of such crimes are not recorded as a separate category by either the Home Office or the Scottish Office.
The Department of Transport, police forces, bus operators and workers' unions have shown interest in the problem for a number of years. As part of this programme, Oscar Faber Transportation have been commissioned to collate and analyse data on assaults on buses, both against bus staff and passengers. The data is presented on an annual basis to a panel chaired by the Department of Transport, known as the Standing Advisory Panel on Assaults on Bus Staff (STAB), which was established as a recommendation of the working group on violence to road passenger transport staff in its report published in 1986. This paper describes the principal findings of that research.
Association for European Transport