Economic Analysis of the Deregulation of Coach Services in Sweden - Through Model Simulations of Historic and Hypothetical Competitive Situations
JANSSON K, McDANIEL J, Swedish Institute for Transport and Communications Analysis and VIERTH I, Swedish Transport and Communications Research Board, Sweden
During the last five years a number of new policy measures have influenced Swedish passenger transport. In 1989 the Swedish national state-owned railway operator, SJ, was separated into a national state-owned, welfare oriented, track authority (Banverket,
During the last five years a number of new policy measures have influenced Swedish passenger transport. In 1989 the Swedish national state-owned railway operator, SJ, was separated into a national state-owned, welfare oriented, track authority (Banverket, BV) and a state-owned, commercially oriented, operator SJ. The Swedish air industry was fully deregulated on January 1st 1992. On 1st of January 1993 the Swedish coach industry was partially deregulated.
These policy changes led to increased competition between long-distance public transport modes. However, the Swedish Railways, S J, still has a monopoly for long- distance rail passenger transport.
Over the last two years a Swedish Parliamentary Transport and Communications Committee has been working on a new transport policy. On behalf of this committee the Swedish Institute for Transport and Communications Analysis, SKA, has carried out a number of studies. One of these studies concerned an assessment of the partial deregulation of coach services 1st of January 1993. The report was presented in March 1997. In May 1997 the Ministry of Transport asked SIKA to analyse the possible effects of full deregulation, an ongoing work which will be reported in September 1997.
Section 2 describes the general prerequisites and assumptions. Section 3 includes a summary of the report presented to the Transport and Communications Committee concerning partial deregulation. In section 4 we present the prerequisites for the ongoing study on behalf of the Ministry of Transport.
Association for European Transport