HOV, HOT Congestion Pricing in the United States



HOV, HOT Congestion Pricing in the United States

Authors

TURNBULL K, Texas Transportation Institute, USA

Description

Metropolitan areas in the United States continue to experience major increases in traffic congestion on freeways and roadways. The negative effects of growing levels of traffic congestion are significant. Air pollution, environmental degradation, and decl

Abstract

Metropolitan areas in the United States continue to experience major increases in traffic congestion on freeways and roadways. The negative effects of growing levels of traffic congestion are significant. Air pollution, environmental degradation, and declining mobility represent just a few of the negative consequences. Further, the economic impact of congestion in the 50 largest urban areas has been estimated at $51 annually 1.

A variety of techniques are being used to address these concerns. Approaches include building additional roadways, widening existing facilities, developing new transit systems, implementing nigh-occupancy vehicle (HOV) lanes, and enhancing the management of the freeway system through the use of Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) and travel demand strategies. The use of congestion pricing is also being considered in some metropolitan areas, and a few projects have been implemented.

Publisher

Association for European Transport