Safety Audit on Existing Urban Roads



Safety Audit on Existing Urban Roads

Authors

TREVE tt, CERTU, France

Description

Road safety, or rather the lack of it, is a major public health problem in France, as in many other countries. Nevertheless, genuine and constant progress has been achieved over the last 20 years, with a 41% reduction in deaths, from 13,787 in 1976 to 8,0

Abstract

Road safety, or rather the lack of it, is a major public health problem in France, as in many other countries. Nevertheless, genuine and constant progress has been achieved over the last 20 years, with a 41% reduction in deaths, from 13,787 in 1976 to 8,080 in 1996, although traffic increased by 76 %.

However the situation in France remains unsatisfactory when compared with that in the most successful countries. Therefore a committee of independent experts was set up in 1988 and given the task of preparing a report on road safety, summerizing the situation and defining a framework of actions to be carried out during the following years. The report was published in 1988 and proposed actions in the various fields linked to vehicles, road users and road improvements. Concerning the latter theme, studies have shown that at least one factor linked to the poor quality of an aspect of the road system is present in 30 % of crashes.

It was therefore proposed to "institute a system of standardisation and technical inspection of the security of the roads, available for use by the clients (mattres d'ouvrage)". This is the origin of safety audit of existing roads. The inspection should be "compulsory, periodical and independent of the clients".

Publisher

Association for European Transport