Schools in the Community: An Educational Programme on Traffic Safety
S1TE, RBORNE D J, Leeds City Council, DIXEY R~ Leeds Metropolitan University and TIGHT M R, University of Leeds, UK
One of the major problems within the field of Road Safety is how to encourage the whole community to become involved in the process of Road Safety and in particular to work together to provide a safer environment. It was the aim of this project to start t
One of the major problems within the field of Road Safety is how to encourage the whole community to become involved in the process of Road Safety and in particular to work together to provide a safer environment. It was the aim of this project to start this process off by developing a "whole school" approach to Road Safety, by devising a series of interventions that would encourage the pupils to think about everyone's responsibility for Road Safety and then use this approach to extend this work to their parents and then to the wider community. This would be done by developing a completely new set of materials for the schools which more accurately reflected the real world situation. This set of materials would then form the basis of a process whereby the awareness of adults about their and the community's responsibilities for Road Safety would be raised.
It was therefore necessary first of all to select three separate areas within Leeds which could be used to determine whether the work was successful or not. Area 1 would be used as a control. No action would be taken other than the normal Local Authority activities, which could of course involve school work as well as normal engineering schemes. In Area 2 just the innovative "whole school" approach work would be carried out. In Area 3 as well as the school initiatives, the work would be extended into the community, mainly via the parents of children specifically involved with the new school initiatives.
The effectiveness of the work would be determined by using a standard "before and aider" comparison of the above areas. However the measures used to determine effectiveness would go further than just the normal safety criteria. Since the study aimed to examine the effects of the interventions on children in terms of their understanding of road safety concepts, their behaviour and also their level of safety itself; a comprehensive set of evaluation techniques were used. These will be explained more fully later in the report together with an analysis of the results themselves and the conclusions to be reached from the work.
Association for European Transport