"Killing Speed Saves Lives" - The Outcome of the City of York's Speed Management Plan.
PIlE, By T, City of York Council, LrK
Inappropriate traffic speed is considered to be a contributor in around 30% of the accidents on the roads in the United Kingdom. In York over 800 people are hurt in road accidents every year. According to figures from the UK's Department of Transport thes
Inappropriate traffic speed is considered to be a contributor in around 30% of the accidents on the roads in the United Kingdom. In York over 800 people are hurt in road accidents every year. According to figures from the UK's Department of Transport these accidents cost the York community over £30m in Police, Hospital and lost work time. There is also the grief and pain suffered by the accident victims, their families and friends.
A recent survey on the main roads in York showed 63% of drivers travelling over the 30mph limit. The importance of slowing traffic down is shown by the following rules of thumb:
* Hit by a car at 40mph : 9 out of 10 pedestrians are killed at 20mph : only 1 out of 10 pedestrians are killed.
* Even a small fall of lmph in the average speed of traffic leads to a 5% fall in road accidents.
In the former York City Council urban area 28 miles of roads were traffic calmed over a five year period. Traffc speeds have fallen on average by 1 lmph in these areas and accidents by 52% (some 11 miles of these roads are now within 20mph speed zones).
On the enforcement side - an essential tool in the killing speed strategy - a mobile speed camera system has been set up with the Police to discourage speeding traffic on the main roads. This has been very successfully used in week long campaigns on main roads - which target speeding offenders and get the "Speed Kills" message across.
Both Market and Technical Research has been done with Residents, the Emergency Services and Bus Companies on traffic calming. The Technical research has helped find a speed cushion design drivers find more acceptable. The Market Research has found out what people generally feel about the traffic calming which has been carried out. One of the key messages from the Market Research was a sense that there was a lack of planning on where traffic calming was installed. The response to this has been to devise a clear framework of road categories in which speed management/traffic calming could be set, called the Speed Management Plan. This plan was approved for consultation by the City of York Council's Planning and Transport Committee in April 1996.
Association for European Transport