Transportation and Regional Agglomeration in Japan: a Historical Analysis 1920 -90



Transportation and Regional Agglomeration in Japan: a Historical Analysis 1920 -90

Authors

DALUWATTE S, Chiyoda Engineering Consultants Co. Ltd, and ANDO A, Tohoku University, Japan

Description

According to the statistics, despite the fact that both Tokyo and Osaka had almost similar shares of the national population in 1920, Tokyo had become a center of intense agglomeration by 1990, far ahead of its counterpart. Generally it is believed that c

Abstract

According to the statistics, despite the fact that both Tokyo and Osaka had almost similar shares of the national population in 1920, Tokyo had become a center of intense agglomeration by 1990, far ahead of its counterpart. Generally it is believed that causes of this are the wartime policies that propelled employment agglomeration in Tokyo [12], and the post-war policies of transportation improvements of the.high speed transit network [9].

Here we try to review historically the effects of these policies on spatial agglomeration in Japan through macro-econometric modeling. For this, we. have already formulated a pilot model 1950-85 [3] for providing guidelines to the present long-term model, and evaluating a number of post-war policy scenarios.with respect to the Shinkansen rail network [4]. In this study, our objective is to formulate this long-term model and analyze:the wartime and post-war policy scenarios to see how those affect the agglomeration process.

Publisher

Association for European Transport