Impacts of Regulatory and Organisational Reforms in the European Transport Industry
BEAUMONT H, University of Leeds and Preston J, University of Oxford, UK
This paper reports on work undertaken by the SORT-IT (Strategic Organisation and Regulation of Transport - Inter-Urban Travel) consortium for DGVII (Transport) European Commission, Fourth Framework research programme. This work addresses two tasks, Strate
This paper reports on work undertaken by the SORT-IT (Strategic Organisation and Regulation of Transport - Inter-Urban Travel) consortium for DGVII (Transport) European Commission, Fourth Framework research programme. This work addresses two tasks, Strategic 1.4.23 and 1.4.24. The overall objectives of these tasks are respectively:
To develop policy measures addressing the organisation of the European transport system in order to improve the efficiency of the transport sector and thus enhance the implementation of the Common Transport Policy.
To design measures to promote inter operability and inter connection, economic efficiency and spatial co-ordination of pan European transport systems.
The work began in January 1996 and is due to be completed by March 1999. SORT- IT's work in the inter-urban field has been complemented by the work of the ISOTOPE (Improved Structure and Organisation for Urban Transport Operators for Passengers in Europe) consortium which has already reported (European Commission, 1997, Preston, 1998).
The outline of this paper is as follows. In the rest of this section, the SORT-IT approach is outlined and the three concepts of interoperability, intermodality and intereormeetion are outlined. In Section 2, the common transport policy and the European economic and regulatory framework are outlined. In Section 3, a methodology for assessing the extent of changes in competition and ownership is outlined and results presented for countries covered in our study. In Section 4, we refer to modelling analysis undertaken for each sector. In Section 5 some tentative conclusions are drawn about the impacts of the changing regulatory structure of the European transport industries and likely future developments.
Association for European Transport