Assessment of Environmental and Safety Impacts of the Trans-European Network (TEN-T)
HEICH H J, TUV Rheinland, Germany, JANTUNEN J, VTT, Finland and NEGRENTI E, ENEA, Italy
Project COMMUTE is the only DGVII project in Commissions 4 th Framework Programme, which has environmental issues as its first priority and deals explicitly with SEA. The three year project has started in April 1996 and will end in March 1999. The consort
Project COMMUTE is the only DGVII project in Commissions 4 th Framework Programme, which has environmental issues as its first priority and deals explicitly with SEA. The three year project has started in April 1996 and will end in March 1999. The consortium consist of the following 13 Partners from 8 European countries: TI)V Rheinland (DE), VTT (FI), TRL (GB), TTR (GB), CSST (IT), GOPA (DE), ENEA (IT), INRETS (FR), ISVR (GB), ITS (GB), Mariterm AB (SE), M+R (BE), NUL (PT).
COMMUTE works in close cooperation with other projects under the Fourth framework research programme. Project MEET is a separate but complementary project that, taken together with COMMUTE, will jointly address Task 18 of the DGVII's Strategic Transport Research work programme. In addition, there is also a close interaction between the STREAMS, and SCENARIOS projects in order to carry out a pilot Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) of the Trans-European Transport Network (TEN-T).
The COMMUTE project will define a methodology for strategic assessment of the environmental impacts of transport policy options. The methodology will be primarily applicable to policy decision-making at the European level and will cover road, rail, air and waterborne transport modes. The methodology will also consider other impacts such as land use impacts (associated with transport infrastructure) and ecological impacts in a less detailed, qualitative way. Computer software that embodies the main aspects of the methodology will be developed and demonstrated. COMMUTE will assess the energy-, emission- and safety impacts of the TEN-T across all transport modes in the framework of the pilot SEA. The main project objectives are as follows:
1. To define a methodology for strategic assessment of the environmental impacts of transport policy options, to support transport policy decision making at the European level.
2. To develop computer software that embodies the main aspects of the methodology and can present the results to users.
3. To demonstrate the use of the main aspects of the methodology and the computer software.
4. To assess the impacts on energy consumption, primary pollutant emission and safety of TEN-T in the framework of pilot SEA
The methodology and software will use a macro level representation of transport networks, as it is appropriate for a strategic assessment task. The methodology defined in COMMUTE and the models embedded in the software will concentrate on assessment of environmental impacts and will not include assessment of behavioural, traffic or transportation impacts of policy options. It is assumed that the starting point for any strategic environmental impact assessment using the methodology or software will be in the tbrm of traffic flows and flow characteristics (speeds, fleet composition etc.) with or without a particular policy option.
Association for European Transport