The New Urbanism: an Introduction to the Movement and Its Potential Impact on Travel Demand with an Outline of Its Application in Western Australia



The New Urbanism: an Introduction to the Movement and Its Potential Impact on Travel Demand with an Outline of Its Application in Western Australia

Authors

KAUFMAN C and MORRIS W, Eeoiogically Sustainable Design, Australia

Description

The New Urbanism is an approach to planning and design that effectively began in the United States in 1991 and is now gaining widespread exposure and increased support. It embraces a variety of relatively similar pianning philosophies and techniques that

Abstract

The New Urbanism is an approach to planning and design that effectively began in the United States in 1991 and is now gaining widespread exposure and increased support. It embraces a variety of relatively similar pianning philosophies and techniques that have emerged over the last ten to fifteen years predominantly in USA, Canada, UK and Australia. These include Traditional Neighbourhood Development (Duany Plater- Zyberk, Florida), Transit-Oriented Development (Calthorpe Associates, California), Responsive Environments (Bentley et al, Oxford, UK), and various urban villages and sustainable growth management approaches (eg.UK and Australia).

All approaches are directed towards creating an altemative to the typical car-dominated suburban sprawl that predominates on the fringe of virtually ali Western cities and towns, and through incremental redevelopment has pervaded many established urban centres, breaking down their character, efficiency and street quality. In essence the New Urbanist approach seeks to produce high amenity walkable mixed use communities with higher densities, interconnected streets, viable public transport, social diversity, cultural appropriateness and exemplary environmental management. At the broader regional scale New Urbanism can contribute significantly towards achieving more sustainabie cities.

Its early emphasis (and much of its publicity still) was on greenfields development but in fact much of the New Urbanist work underway at present is focussed on fixing existing urban areas, including whole regions.

Publisher

Association for European Transport