Green Areas: Planning for Sustainable Transport in London
BLITZ R H and YATES M E, London Transport Buses, UK
The Green Areas concept is a planning tool to encourage the use of sustainable transport in London. This goes beyond traditional bus priority in isolation to look at issues such as total journey quality. It is recognised that within current constraints of
The Green Areas concept is a planning tool to encourage the use of sustainable transport in London. This goes beyond traditional bus priority in isolation to look at issues such as total journey quality. It is recognised that within current constraints of the London Bus Priority Network (LBPN) that only a certain amount of overall passenger benefits and modal shift can be achieved.
London Transport has been working with four west London Boroughs to develop bottom-up, easily implementable schemes which focus upon improvements for buses, cyclists and pedestrians. With public participation, the aim of rebalancing the network in favour of sustainable modes is key to this exercise.
This project is nothing new or revolutionary. However, it does bring elements of other studies together in one comprehensive package. The London Bus Priority Network concentrates in the main, on buses; the London Cycle Network in the main, on cyclists; walking strategies, not surprisingly, on walking. This project brings them all together.
The project was divided into two stages. The first stage involved the production of a report highlighting the elements required to meet the objectives of safe, sustainable and economically viable areas. In addition, a new objective-led evaluation framework was recommended.
In the second stage, both qualitative and quantitative market research was undertaken to obtain public opinion to the objectives and schemes for the given areas. This was incorporated into the design of new schemes to meet the objectives. An audit of the areas was undertaken with a view to providing solutions to the actual and perceived problems.
This approach is part of an overall package to reduce road traffic into and within the given areas and encourage modal shift.
Association for European Transport