Reallocation of Road Space - the Effects of Waffle Reduction



Reallocation of Road Space - the Effects of Waffle Reduction

Authors

DIX M, MARTIN B, Halerow Fox, MURRAY-CLARK M, WestmInster City Council, and DOHERTY T, Government Office for London, UK

Description

Within Central London there are a number of pr0posals which are aimed at improving the environment ant giving greater priority to sustainable transport modes. Many of these involve improving the urban fabric by taking road space from general traffic and g

Abstract

Within Central London there are a number of pr0posals which are aimed at improving the environment ant giving greater priority to sustainable transport modes. Many of these involve improving the urban fabric by taking road space from general traffic and giving priority to pedestrians, cyclists, public transport and improved urban design. Some argue that this approach will assist in suppressing traffic (traffic reduction); others that it will result in greater congestion and environmental disbenefits elsewhere, and that alternative mechanisms of restraint are needed to secure the environmental benefits.

The effect of such proposals on traffic, in sensitive locations such as Central London can be significant; with displaced traffic either being forced to change route or for drivers to change their travel behaviour - time of day, mode, destination or not travel at all, that is trip suppression.

This paper examines the impacts on traffic and resulting environmental effects of 'the World Squares' Proposals (in which significant parts of Trafalgar Square, Parliament Square and Whitehall are given over to pedestrians, buses and access only). It also examines relationships with other proposals in Central London competing for space for displaced traffi c, the level of suppression that may occur and the levels of restraint necessary to secure the environmental improvements.

The results are being used, following extensive consultation on the proposals, in determining the Master Plan for the 'World Squares' Area to be finalised in 1998.

Publisher

Association for European Transport