National Programme of Transport Development: Case Study of Latvia
Igor Kabashkin, Transport And Telecommunication Institute
Paper describes the approach for design of Latvian National Transport Development Programme and main components of this programme.
Transportation sector is becoming one of the most dynamic and fast growing sectors in Latvian economy. And even more, this sector is taking the leading positions in the country's economic development. Due to the country's favorable geographic situation, Latvia has already become an important trade partner between West and East South and North.
The national transport development priorities are defined within the framework of trans-national requirements and local development needs. On the one hand, there is potential for Latvia to play more important role in transportation of cargo and people in international transport. There already is a substantial flow, mainly of freight traffic, in the direction East-West and it is expected that following the increasing integration of the Baltic States into the EU, traffic flows in North-South direction will increase as well. In order to utilise this potential, there is a need for significant improvement of infrastructure, particularly by reconstruction of railway hubs, building of railway tracks, modernization of train service management automatic systems, introduction of joint railway mobile communication system GSM-R; reconstruction of the main motorways, building of new sections, double level crossings; building of access roads and railway tracks to the ports, passenger terminals in the ports; modernization of airport infrastructure both in Riga international airport and in regional ones; as well as building of access roads to the TEN-T network in urban areas. Cohesion Funds can substantially tribute to the achievements of these goals.
The decision of this global tasks will be done for Latvia within the frame of National Research Programme (NRP). Harmonisation of Latvian Transport System (project LaTRANS) is one of the key NRP subprogramme. The aim of the project is to develop the efficient, safe and environmental friendly handling of the increasing amount of goods going east-west in the Baltic region. The project will prepare stakeholders in the region to enhance sustainable transport planning and smart intelligent transport solutions.
This in combination with business development in the transport sector will stimulate the economic growth in the entire East-West transport corridor. There are three main focuses in the project:
• To make East-West transport corridor as a good example of a Green Corridor concept of European Union latest transport policies.
• To develop an innovative pilot testing ground where modern technology and information systems contribute to increased efficiency, traffic safety and security as well as reduced environment impact in the corridor.
• By stimulating new business models for e.g. railway transport supporting economic growth within the corridor in particular in ports and inland hubs.
The main expected results of the project:
• East-West transport corridor as a Best Practice Case for Green Corridor development;
• East-West transport corridor as a part of the EU commissions Action Plan for the Baltic Sea Region and is an integrated part of the Northern Transport Axis;
• A manual of how to develop a Green Corridor in accordance with the EU’s transport policies and to offer stakeholders in the East-West transport corridor more eco-friendly transport alternatives than available today;
• An innovative Intelligent Transport Systems for transport and traffic information which will increase efficiency and reduce the environmental impact;
• A manual of how to buy, sell, and plan eco-friendly transports, transport and logistics services which can be used by different customers;
• New business concepts for railway transports;
• Improved transport service in ports and terminals;
• Increased transport competence among various stakeholders and improved infrastructure within the transport corridor.
Paper describes the approach for design of National Transport Development Programme and main components of this programme.
Association for European Transport