What is the Best Car-sharing Organisation for Lie-de-France?
LAPIERRE E, Syndieat des Transports Parisiens, France
The Syndicat des Transport Parisiens (STP) is the Public Transport Organising Authority. The agency, responsible for organising and co-ordinating the sector of the public transit system for travellers in the region O f Ile-de-France is a government entity
The Syndicat des Transport Parisiens (STP) is the Public Transport Organising Authority. The agency, responsible for organising and co-ordinating the sector of the public transit system for travellers in the region O f Ile-de-France is a government entity created in 1959. The STP's responsibility is huge, dealing with movements generated by a population of nearly I 1 million people.
The STP co-ordinates the activity of transportation companies (underground, buses, railway). It define fares, distributes the proceeds from transport duties levied on employers, and the revenue from the sale of public transport passes between the various transport companies. A budget of over 30 billion Francs is required to run the various public transit systems covering the Ile-de-France re,on.
Projecting for the future is one of the major concerns of the STP. Indeed, the complexity of urban transportation systems requires planing today for tomorrow's development. This is why the STP is actively involved in conducting transport studies and projects in close collaboration with various partners (State, Region, Departments, transportation companies).
In view of these concerns, car-sharing was a way to explore, as a complementary mode in the supply of transport, and a relevant topic in sustainable development.
For the purposes of this paper, the term << car-sharing )~ is meant to refer to any arrangement where two or more drivers share journeys by car on a re~malar basis. This will often involve matched participants taking it in turns to make a shared journey in each other cars, but does not rule out arrangements where one driver usually or always drives. There are two ways to practise it :
* Unformal car-sharing : people organise their own car-sharing arrangements, usually with friends, family or colleagues, and
* Formal ear-sharing : organised schemes where people register for the scheme and are matched together, usually with people they don't know.
The idea of car-sharing as an organised scheme was developed in the early 70's in the United States. At that time, it became clear that traditional public transport was not able to supply transit where the demand was spread out, and in low density areas.
That's why flexible solutions were considered. Twenty years later, this topic continues to draw an interest, maybe more than ever, due to environmental concerns (car pollution, growth of traffic congestion). Car-sharing seems to be an alternative to individual car use, consistent with the necessities of a sustainable development.
This paper will present the last 10 years of evolution, and will focus on current results referring to two pioneer companies in this field : Nestle France and Disneyland Paris. It will try to point out what is working and what is not.
Then, this document will consider the possible role of public authorities in promoting such a system, and what car-sharing in Ile-de-France means today.
Association for European Transport