Monitoring the Effects of the Thalys Highspeed Train
ETTEMA D, COHN N, Hague Consulting Group and SAVELBERG F, Transport Research Centre, The Netherlands
In June 1996 the Thalys high speed train between Amsterdam and Paris was put into service. This new line replaces the D/EC trains that ran on this route before. The Thalys has brought about major travel time savings on various relationships, as is summari
In June 1996 the Thalys high speed train between Amsterdam and Paris was put into service. This new line replaces the D/EC trains that ran on this route before. The Thalys has brought about major travel time savings on various relationships, as is summarised in table 1. It was hypothesised that the Thalys would have a major impact on international traffic in the Thalys corridor (defined as international traffic between The Netherlands and Belgium, France and Great-Britain). More precisely, the following research questions can be distinguished:
1. What are the autonomous trends in the international travel market for various modes;
2. How has the Thalys introduction affected the total amount of international travel in the corridor;
3. To what extent has the Thalys introduction lead to a different use of conventional train services;
4. What has been the effect of Thalys on the use of other modes in international travel;
5. What are travellers' main motivations for choosing Thalys, conventional train or other modes;
6. What are travellers' main motivations for not choosing Thalys;
7. Why do travellers switch from one mode to another.
To investigate the impact of Thalys, a monitoring study was initialised, which includes measurements of international traffic in 1996 (before the introduction of Thalys) and 1997. Based upon the two measurements, the effect of Thalys after the first year can be assessed. This paper discusses various aspects of the Thalys introduction.
Association for European Transport