Traffic Calming in Villages on Major Roads
TAYLOR M and WHEELER A, Transport Research Laboratory, UK
In 1994 the Viage Speed Control (VISP) Working Group reported on its initiative which examined ways of reducing the speed of tratlic passing through villages (County Surveyors' SocietylDepartment of Transport, 1994; Wheeler et al, 1994; Wheeler and Taylor
In 1994 the Viage Speed Control (VISP) Working Group reported on its initiative which examined ways of reducing the speed of tratlic passing through villages (County Surveyors' SocietylDepartment of Transport, 1994; Wheeler et al, 1994; Wheeler and Taylor, 1995). A range of techniques was considered, from signing alone at the entrance (or Dgateway') to the village, through measures at the gateway and in the village (mainly signing andor contrasting road surface treatments), to physical measures, such as road narrowhgs. The success of many of these schemes in reducing speeds was limited, especially those schemes lacking physical measures or any measures in the village itself.
Changes to legislation and special authorisation procedures now enable local authorities to install a wider range of measures in villages on busy roads. This paper describes research to assess the efFectiveness of more comprehensive schemes, especially those with physical measures, which have been applied to roads canying high levels of trac, particularly of heavy vehicles. These schemes aim to reduce 85th percentile speeds at least to the village speed limit, and thereby to improve safety and the quality of life for local residents.
The schemes assessed were developed primarily by the relevant Local Highway Authorities (LHAS) and DETR Regional Offices; the LHAs have also funded their installation. The research described here was undertaken by TRL under contract to the Driver Information and Traffic Management Division (DITh4) of the Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions (DETR).
Association for European Transport