Mobility and Accessibility Aspects of the Fixed Link Between Denmark and Sweden
KRONBAK J and REHFELD C, Technical University of Denmark, Denmark
In the year 2000 the 12-kin long combined bridge and tunnel link across Oresund connecting Denmark and Sweden will open. The fixed link will provide high frequency train as well as motorway connections between the two regions around Oresund. Together they
In the year 2000 the 12-kin long combined bridge and tunnel link across Oresund connecting Denmark and Sweden will open. The fixed link will provide high frequency train as well as motorway connections between the two regions around Oresund. Together they will form the largest agglomeration in Scandinavia with around 3.1 million inhabitants.
Several papers have discussed the possible impacts on integration and economic development stemming from this investment. However, the mobility and accessibility aspects of the fixed link have as of yet not been assessed. This paper presents the results of an in-depth analysis of these aspects, using state-of-the-art GIS models. In this analysis the impacts on car passenger trausport are investigated on the basis of a comprehensive Trans-European multi-modal network including road and ferry links as well as interchange and terminal links.
The mobility impacts are modelled by applying a new model for the assessment of the potential for interaction (POINTER). The rationale of the POINTER model is that trips are made in order to participate in a certain activity at a given destination. The importance of the destination is weighed by how much time can be spent there. The potential for interaction is analysed for different trip types comprising commuter, business and cultural/leisure trips.
The application of GIS in mobility and accessibility modelling has proven invaluable for the presentation of these complex spatial concepts. The results of the analysis illustrate the magnitude and spatial distribution of mobility and accessibility in the region before and after the opening of the fixed link as well as the changes. This is done in easily interpretable maps.
The analysis shows that the impacts of the fixed link are not limited to the very central Oresund region. They may equally well be found in quite some distance from the fixed link itself and not always where one might expect to find them. Particularly a hinterland of potential interaction grows as a ring in water in as far as Blekinge and Halland on the Swedish side and in Slagelse, Ringsted and Nmestved on the Danish side.
Association for European Transport