Paying the Price for Sustainable Mobility
VOUGIOUKAS M, EuroTrans Consulting, UK,
Several studies and previous research projects in various EU Member States and at pan-European level have considered urban transport pricing policies, actions and measures, towards changing modal split in favour of public transport and other sustainable m
Several studies and previous research projects in various EU Member States and at pan-European level have considered urban transport pricing policies, actions and measures, towards changing modal split in favour of public transport and other sustainable modes, including road use charging options. However, there is still considerable reluctance by city authorities to implement integrated transport pricing policies due to a perceived lack of public acceptability, particularly related to road use pricing. Previous studies on road use pricing or congestion charging have concentrated on technology and operational issues, with the intermodality, financial, socio- economic, land use and environmental issues frequently not considered in detail.
Demand or mobility management actions have concentrated on the implementation of physical, traffic control, public transport priority, commtmication and organisational measures which, although having a positive effect, have not produced the substantial modal split changes that are usually required for sustainable mobility. A lot more could be done towards an integrated urban transport strategy for improving transport conditions, with sustainable mobility and accessibility, through the most effective pricing mechanism.
Researchers in nine European Union (ELI) member states and authorities in eight European cities together with the European Commission Directorate-General for Transport (DG VII) initiated and co-funded the TransPrice project within the EU Transport RTD programme (within the 4 th Framework). TransPriee was carried out between January 1996 and January 1999 by 18 partners from 9 EU member states and aimed to address the issues of integrated trans modal transport pricing, towards achieving optimum modal split in urban areas, at pan-European level. The project start coincided with the publication by the European Commission of the Green Paper "Towards Fair and Efficient Pricing in Transport: Policy Options for Intemalising the External Costs of Transport in the European Union''. Towards the end of the project period, the European Commission published a White Paper on "Fair Payment for Infrastructure Use: A phased approach to a common transport infrastructure charging framework in the EU" (July 1998). The European Commission Communication "Developing the Citizen's Network", published in mid-1998, indicates that the introduction of urban pricing schemes can make an important contribution to the development of sustainable local and regional transport.
Association for European Transport