Development and Financing of Urban Rail Infrastructure - the Case of Athens



Development and Financing of Urban Rail Infrastructure - the Case of Athens

Authors

NELLAS G, Attiko Metro A.E, Greece

Description

Athens, with a regional population of over three and a half million, is the capital and by far the largest city in Greece. Close to one third of the entire population of the country lives in the Greater Athens Area. The Municipality of Athens itself has a

Abstract

Athens, with a regional population of over three and a half million, is the capital and by far the largest city in Greece. Close to one third of the entire population of the country lives in the Greater Athens Area. The Municipality of Athens itself has a population of approximately 900,000. Piraeus, ten kilometres (six miles) southwest of Athens, is the country's leading port and, with a population of over 200,000, is a major city in its own right. Approximately half of the country's economic activity is concentrated in the Greater Athens Area. Athens and most of its suburbs sprawl over some 400 square kilometres (250 square miles), in a basin surrounded on three sides by mountain ranges.

The growth of the city in the 20 ± century is phenomenal. The population within the urbanized area grew from 450,000 in 1920 to 800,000 in 1928 as a result of the influx of refugees from Asia Minor. Since Greece's liberation from its World War II occupation the population of the Greater Athens Area grew from approximately 1,400,000 in 1951, to 1,800,000 in 1961, and 3,750,000 in 1996. Today, Athens is the cultural, commercial and political centre of the country. Due to its international airport, the port of Pireaus, and long-distance bus and railway terminals, it is also a significant transportation hub.

Publisher

Association for European Transport