The "Grand Tram": a Backbone for the Suburb of Paris



The "Grand Tram": a Backbone for the Suburb of Paris

Authors

TONDUT Y, DREIF, France

Description

The Paris metropolitan area (the IIe-de-France region) has known urban and transport planning for nearly 40 years. The pioneering works were initiated by President de Gaulle at the beginning of the 60s to put in order the somewhat anarchical urban growth

Abstract

The Paris metropolitan area (the IIe-de-France region) has known urban and transport planning for nearly 40 years. The pioneering works were initiated by President de Gaulle at the beginning of the 60s to put in order the somewhat anarchical urban growth of the area during the years that followed the war, and correct the balance between Paris and its suburb. The first long term urban development plan was completed in 1965 and formally approved (with some corrections) in 1976. The most important among its innovations are the five new towns, the development of the tertiary site of La Drfense, the creation of the Charl.es-de-Gaulle airport and the interconnexion of railway lines in the centre of Paris (PER).

The historical role of the state in the development of Ile-de-France has outlived the decentralization laws of the 80s, which in the provinces transferred most of the competence in urban planning to regional authorities.

Publisher

Association for European Transport