ITS Impacts on Safety: a Secondary Crash Investigation



ITS Impacts on Safety: a Secondary Crash Investigation

Authors

KARLAFTIS M, ADK Consulting Engineers, Greece

Description

Freeway service patrols, an increasingly popular choice in combating the effects of traffic incidents on freeway operations, have been known to reduce incident response and clearance time. This reduction can help alleviate the delay due to non-recurrent,

Abstract

Freeway service patrols, an increasingly popular choice in combating the effects of traffic incidents on freeway operations, have been known to reduce incident response and clearance time. This reduction can help alleviate the delay due to non-recurrent, incident related congestion, as well as lower the chance of secondary crashes. While much work has been done in the direction of identifying the benefits stemming from the delay savings by freeway patrols, little has been done to identify the potential savings from lowering the likelihood of secondary crash occurrence. Using a 5-year incident data base fi'om the Borman Expressway, we develop logistic regression models to examine what primary crash characteristics are likely to influence the likelihood of a secondary crash. The timings suggest that clearance time, season, type of vehicle involved, and lateral location of the primary crash significantly influence the likelihood of secondary crash occurrence. Further, the 1995 potential benefit from secondary crash reduction was $568,080 exceeding the 1995 Hoosier Helper freeway service patrol program costs by a factor of 1.38. Given a better understanding of what contributes to secondary crash occurrence, various components of incident management can be operated at a higher level of cost-effectiveness.

Publisher

Association for European Transport